Minimum set of gender indicators

Following the recommendations by the United Nations Statistical Commission (decision 42/102), and as reported to its forty-fourth session (E/CN.3/2013/10), the Inter-agency and Expert Group on Gender Statistics through its Advisory Group on Global Gender Statistics and Indicators Database, including experts from national statistical systems and international agencies, identified a minimum set of gender indicators composed of 52 quantitative indicators grouped into three tiers and 11 qualitative indicators covering national norms and laws on gender equality.

The selection of the 52 quantitative indicators was guided by the primary criterion that indicators should address key policy concerns as identified in the Beijing Platform for Action and other more recent international commitments. The 52 indicators were agreed by the Commission as a guide for the national production and international compilation of gender statistics through its decision 44/109.

In addition, the selected 52 indicators were further classified into the following tiers:

  • Tier 1. Indicators conceptually clear, with an agreed international definition and regularly produced by countries.
  • Tier 2. Indicators conceptually clear, with an agreed international definition, but not yet regularly produced by countries.
  • Tier 3. Indicators for which international standards need still to be developed and not regularly produced by countries.

The eleven indicators on national norms monitor how national legislation works toward ensuring gender equality in various areas.

Quantitative Indicators

Economic structures, participation in productive activities and access to resources

# Indicator name  BPFA1   MDG2   Tier   Agency   EDGE 
1. Average number of hours spent on unpaid domestic work by sex; Note: Separate housework and childcare if possible C.2, F.1, H.3     II  ILO   
2. Average number of hours spent on paid and unpaid domestic work combined (total work burden), by sex F.1, H.3     II  ILO   
3a. Labour force participation rate for persons aged 15-24, by sex F.1, H.3     ILO   
3b. Labour force participation rate for persons aged 15+, by sex F.1, H.3     ILO   
4. Proportion of employed who are own-account workers, by sex F.2   Goal 1, target B   ILO   
5. Proportion of employed who are contributing family workers, by sex H.3   Goal 1, target B   ILO   
6. Proportion of employed who are employers, by sex F.1     ILO   
7. Percentage of firms owned by women, by size F.1, F.2     III  ILO   
8a. Percentage distribution of employed population in agricultural sector, by sex F.5, H.3     ILO   
8b. Percentage distribution of employed population in industrial sector, by sex F.5, H.3     ILO   
8c. Percentage distribution of employed population in service sector, by sex F.5, H.3     ILO   
9. Informal employment as a percentage of total non-agricultural employment, by sex F.2, H.3     II  ILO   
10. Youth unemployment rate for persons aged 15-24, by sex F.1     ILO   
11. Proportion of population with access to credit, by sex F.1, F.2     III  WB   
12. Proportion of adult population owning land, by sex A.1, A.2     III  WB   
13. Gender gap in wages F.1, F.5     III  ILO   
14. Proportion of employed working part-time, by sex F.5     II  ILO   
15. Employment rate of persons aged 25-49 with a child under age 3 living in a household and with no children living in the household, by sex F.6     III  ILO   
16. Proportion of children under age 3 in formal care F.6     III  OECD   
17. Proportion of individuals using the Internet, by sex F.3   Goal 8, target F   ITU   
18. Proportion of individuals using mobile/cellular telephones, by sex F.3   Goal 8, target F   ITU   
19. Proportion of households with access to mass media (radio, TV, Internet), by sex of household head F.3     III  ITU   

Education

# Indicator name  BPFA1   MDG2   Tier   Agency   EDGE 
20. Youth literacy rate of persons (15-24 years), by sex B.2, L.4   Goal 2   UIS   
21. Adjusted net enrolment rate in primary education by sex B.1, L.4   Goal 2   UIS   
22. Gross enrolment ratio in secondary education, by sex B.1   Goal 3   UIS   
23. Gross enrolment ratio in tertiary education, by sex B.1     UIS   
24a. Gender parity index of the gross enrolment ratio in primary education B.1, L.4   Goal 3   UIS   
24b. Gender parity index of the gross enrolment ratio in secondary education B.1, L.4   Goal 3   UIS   
24c. Gender parity index of the gross enrolment ratio in tertiary education B.1, L.4   Goal 3   UIS   
25. Share of female science, engineering, manufacturing and construction graduates at tertiary level B.3, B.4, L.4     II  UIS   
26. Proportion of females among tertiary education teachers or professors B.4, L.4     II  UIS   
27. Adjusted net intake rate to the first grade of primary education, by sex B.1     UIS   
28. Primary education completion rate (proxy), by sex B.1     UIS   
29. Gross graduation ratio from lower secondary education, by sex B.1     UIS   
30. Effective transition rate from primary to secondary education (general programmes), by sex B.1     UIS   
31a. Educational attainment (primary) of the population aged 25 and older, by sex B.1     UIS   
31b. Educational attainment (lower secondary) of the population aged 25 and older, by sex B.1     UIS   
31c. Educational attainment (upper secondary) of the population aged 25 and older, by sex B.1     UIS   
31d. Educational attainment (post-secondary) of the population aged 25 and older, by sex B.1     UIS   
31e. Educational attainment (tertiary) of the population aged 25 and older, by sex B.1     UIS   

Health and related services

# Indicator name  BPFA1   MDG2   Tier   Agency   EDGE 
32. Contraceptive prevalence among women who are married or in a union, aged 15-49 C.1, C.2   Goal 5   UNPD   
33. Under-five mortality rate, by sex C.1   Goal 4   UNICEF   
34. Maternal mortality ratio C.1   Goal 5, target A   WHO   
35a. Antenatal care coverage, at least one visit C.1   Goal 5, target B   UNICEF   
35b. Antenatal care coverage, at least four visits C.1   Goal 5, target B   UNICEF   
36. Proportion of births attended by skilled health professional C.1   Goal 5, target A   UNICEF   
37. Smoking prevalence among persons aged 15 and over, by sex C.2     WHO   
38. Proportion of adults who are obese, by sex C.1, C.2     WHO   
39. Women’s share of population aged 15-49 living with HIV/AIDS C.3   Goal 6, target A   UNAIDS   
40. Access to anti-retroviral drug, by sex C.3   Goal 6, target B and Goal 8, target E   WHO   
41. Life expectancy at age 60, by sex C.1, C.2     UNPD   
42a. Adult mortality 15-34 years by cause C.1, C.2     WHO   
42b. Adult mortality 35-59 years by cause C.1, C.2     WHO   

Human rights of women and girl children

# Indicator name  BPFA1   MDG2   Tier   Agency   EDGE 
48. Proportion of women aged 15-49 subjected to physical or sexual violence in the last 12 months by an intimate partner D.1, D.2     II  UNICEF   
49. Proportion of women aged 15-49 subjected to physical or sexual violence in the last 12 months by persons other than an intimate partner D.1, D.2     II  UNICEF   
50. Prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting (for relevant countries only) I.2     UNICEF   
51. Percentage of women aged 20-24 years old who were married or in a union before age 18 L.1, L.2     UNICEF   
52. Adolescent birth rate L.1, L.2   Goal 5, target B   UNPD   

Public life and decision-making

# Indicator name  BPFA1   MDG2   Tier   Agency   EDGE 
43. Women’s share of government ministerial positions G.1     IPU   
44. Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament G.1   Goal 3   IPU   
45. Women’s share of managerial positions F.1, F.5, G.1     ILO   
46. Share of female police officers I.2     II  UNODC   
47. Share of female judges I.2     II  UNODC   


1 The Beijing Platform for Action (BPFA) was adopted at the Fourth World Conference on Women, convened by the United Nations in 1995 in Beijing. The Conference focused on 12 areas of concern identified as obstacles to the advancement of women in the world and adopted the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action in order to address those concerns. It also urged Governments to regularly collect statistics related to each of those areas, to serve as a basis for monitoring progress and evaluating the impact of policies. Available from http://un.org/womenwatch/daw/beijing/pdf/BDPfA%20E.pdf.

 

2 Millennium Development Goals, available from http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Default.aspx.