What is “Gender Statistics”

Under Gender Statistics we label all statistics that in an adequate way, describe and reflect the inequalities and differences in various situations of men and women in all areas and aspects of life.

What is “Gender Statistics” exactly?

Gender Statistics is the scientific notation and interpretation of statistics that in an adequate and complete way are reflecting the living conditions and situations of women and men with respect to all policy fields and areas. Gender Statistics allow for, and enable, systematic research and study of differentials and issues regarding gender. A gender-related issue is any concern or problem that is determined, in its broadest sense, by differences between men and women based on gender and/or sex.

Topics related to “Gender Statistics”

In 1995, the United Nations Beijing Platform for Action has identified 12 key fields of concern in relation to Gender Statistics that called for at least strategic action. These 12 gender-related concerns indicated which relevant statistics had to be collected to be able to provide a solid basis for required policies and to implement programs, and also to be able to monitor and evaluate these policies and programs.

The 12 areas of concern are: Health, Poverty, Education, Economy, Violence, Armed Conflicts, Power & decision making, Environment, Institutions to advance women’s positions, Women’s Human rights, Media, Structural discrimination and rights-violations of girl children.

Education and professional training are extremely important. There are countries that don’t grant girls and women access to education and training in the same way as boys and men.

Power and Decision Making is key as there is continual inequality between women and men when it comes to sharing of decision-making and power at all possible levels.

Examples

This data snapshot is highlighting some differences in education opportunities that exist between men and women from pre-kindergarten up to higher education. This information (collected from various education data sources) indicate that, despite the fact that impressive progress was made since the 1972 passage of Title IX,  a lot of work still is left to do if we want to get to the point of total gender equity between the boys and girls of our nation’s student body.

The data of the U.S. Census Bureau offers great insights on the number or percentage of young kids that participate in preschool education, and in what way gender differences play a role in getting access to our educational programs from early childhood on. The Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) now collects more direct and indirect data regarding accessibility and educational opportunities for school kids in relation to gender than it has ever done before. Noteworthy is that girls outnumber boys in our Advanced Placement (AP)  enrollment in science, foreign languages, and a few more AP subjects. In AP math however, boys have been consistently outnumbering girls by a large number.

Career and Technical Education Report
Despite the fact that women have gained considerable results in some non-traditional fields, is the number of females who have enrolled in particular career clusters, at a continuous low level. In 2006, female students did not even make up 25% of all students participating in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) programs across the nation. In fact, the numbers were 21% in secondary education, and 24% in post-secondary education.  By 2008, that number of certificates and degrees granted in STEM sectors to females had increased by almost 5%, and in 2010, 31% of all STEM degrees and certificates were awarded to females.

Why is “Gender Statistics” important?

There are at least three important reasons why Gender Statistics should be taken seriously:

  1. It help raise public awareness. It plays a crucial role in changing prevailing conditions of men and, especially, women.
  2. It furnishes policy makers, politicians, and international leaders with basic and crucial information to come up with desired changes to existing policies that may affect women and men in a different way.
  3. It is providing a non-biased stream of information so actual situations and effects of policy changes can be monitored.

How do we use Gender Statistics?

  1. Gender Statistics play an important role if we want to understand the real and actual situation of men and women in various societies. They are crucial for research and to analyze gender-related issues in different parts of the world.
  2. They also play an important role for monitoring progress in programs set up to enhance gender equality. These stats are crucial if we want to advance equal and full enjoyment of fundamental human rights by girls and women.
  3. Gender Statistics are essential when it comes to the development and monitoring of programs and policies that are set up to boost investments in the work force and human capital, and to monitor gender-related policy developments to reduce poverty. They also play a key role if we want to develop and/or monitor programs to reduce  violence against women.